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What is landed cost?

Landed cost is the total price of a product once it has arrived at a buyer's door, including the purchase price plus all freight, tariff and any other handling charges. Often times, landed costs need to be added retroactively to a product after it has been received.

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How are commissions calculated?

At the most basic level, sales commissions are calculated as a percentage of the extended price for sales order line items. Each sales rep has a default commission percentage, which is defined on the sales rep record. However, this percentage can be modified at the customer or ship-to address levels. Individual sales rep commissions can also be impacted if you are using the Enhanced Commissions package.

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How do I become a translator for xTuple?

If you are interested in getting involved with xTuple user interface translation, please review the following articles: Starting a new translation project and Getting and Using xTuple Translation Files. Translators will also find useful the Translation Glossary, which provides explanations of unfamiliar words/terms found in the user interface.

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How do I enter my opening balances in the General Ledger?

We recommend entering G/L Chart of Account opening balances using one of two possible methods described in the document Entering Opening Balances.

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Are item groups required?

No, unlike class codes or product categories, item groups are not required. Only use them if you need an alternate way to categorize your items not already offered by the other grouping methods.

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How are discount days used?

Discount days specify the number of days within which a payment must be made to take advantage of any terms discount. For example, if your terms are 2% discount in 10 days, net 30, then the discount days would = 10—in other words, the discount applies if paid within 10 days.

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What are incident status colors?

Incident status colors make it easier to quickly identify the incidents you are looking for. To assign a color to an incident status, simply type the name of the color (or its hexadecimal equivalent) in the field next to the status name. For example, let's say you want all incidents with the status feedback to be highlighted in red. In the field next to Feedback, you could enter either the word red or #FF0000, the hex code for red. Now whenever you view the incident list you will see your color-coding.

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Where do sales categories get used?

The primary use for sales categories is to account for miscellaneous (i.e., non-inventory) line items on invoices. Sales categories may also be used optionally on the following document types: receivable credit/debit memos and cash receipts.

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How is the vendor unit ratio used?

The unit ratio specifies the ratio between inventory and vendor units of measure (UOM). For example, if you stock an item in single units, but a vendor sells you the item in cases of 12, then you would enter "12" as the vendor unit ratio (i.e., 12:1). If the ratio is 1:1, then enter "1" as the unit ratio. Having a defined vendor unit ratio allows you to purchase inventory in the vendor's UOM. However, on receipt that inventory will be converted automatically to your inventory UOM.

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What are characteristic types?

Characteristic types control the behavior of characteristics—and also their fomatting. The following characteristic types are supported: text, list, and date. The text type is a free-form text string. Text type characteristics have access to the input mask and validator options. The list type should be used to present a list of possible values. The date type supports date strings. The formatting of date type characteristics conforms to the user's locale.

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Are incident categories required?

Yes, every incident must be assigned to a category. Because incident categories are the highest-level grouping mechanism available to incidents, they are required.

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Do tax zones work the same for customers and vendors?

Yes, tax zones work the same way for both sales and purchases. Tax zones help define the amount of tax charged in either scenario.

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Do you have any freight class examples?

The names given to freight classes are user-defined in xTuple. This means you can set up freight classes however you want to. Some examples of freight classes could include bulkbreak bulkcontainerair, etc. You could also model your freight classes after the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC).

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How does explosion work?

Work order explosion is the process whereby work order material (and routing) requirements are created for a work order. These requirements are pulled from the bill of materials and routing for the manufactured item. If you choose to automatically explode work orders, these requirements will be created when work orders are created. Otherwise, work orders will have to be exploded manually.

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Can customers belong to more than one customer group?

Yes, customers can belong to multiple customer groups. There is no limit to the number of groups a customer can be attached to.

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Can files be linked to opportunities?

Yes, you can link files or other documents to opportunities using the documents tab. Simply browse for files on your system and then attach them. You also can attach other documents (e.g., CRM accounts, incidents, items, etc.).

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Can I change the customer on a sales order?

No, once you link a customer to a sales order that relationship cannot be broken. If you enter a customer number in error, your best option is to delete the sales order and start over.

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How long can my item numbers be?

There is no limit to the length of item numbers.

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Why do I need opportunity sources?

Opportunity sources are valuable because they tell you where your leads are originating from. By analyzing your lead source information, you can identify which opportunity sources are the most (or least) successful for you. For example, if you're running a commercial on the radio--and it's generating dozens of opportunities for you--then you might want to consider buying radio ads. 

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Can I change the list of countries?

Yes you can add and delete countries. You can also make changes to existing countries' settings. Use this with caution though, because a non-standard country will not have the available states and provinces by default.

Hint: Use the limit to list setting in off mode to prevent changes to the list of countries.

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How do translation files work?

To learn more about how translation files work, please see the article "Getting and Using xTuple Translation Files."

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What is OAuth?

OAuth is a protocol (or framework) that supports authorization workflows. OAuth is not an API or a service: it is an open standard for authorization that any developer can implement. It gives you a way to ensure that a specific user has permissions to do something.

This protocol allows third-party applications to grant limited access to an HTTP service, either on behalf of a resource owner or by allowing the third-party application to obtain access on its own behalf. Access is requested by a client, which can be a website or a mobile application, for example.

xTuple uses OAuth2 (or OAuth 2.0), the second version of the OAuth protocol. OAuth2 simplifies the previous version and facilitates interoperability between different applications. OAuth1 adn OAuth2 specifications are completely different from one another, and cannot be used together: there is no backwards compatibility between them. 

The OAuth2 protocol is constantly evolving and acclaimed by Internet giants such as Google and Facebook.

More on OAuth 2.0 Standards available at Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).

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Why can't I enter a credit card receipt?

When entering credit card receipts, make sure you've selected credit card as your cash receipt funds type. Second, check with your system administrator to verify your site is configured to use credit cards. Some set up may be required.

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Can the customer number be different from the CRM account number?

No, the customer number and the CRM account number are linked and must be the same. The CRM account serves as a kind of parent having several different possible children. Because of this linkage, a single business entity can be stored in xTuple as both a customer and a vendor. This helps to simply and cover the cases where you sell to one company as a customer, but you also buy from them as a vendor.

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How is the xTupleCommerce product catalog structured in the xTuple ERP database?

The product catalog is a collection of categories which items may be grouped into. Think of it as being like the physical catalog department stores might use. The following terms are used:

  • Parent group: The parent group is typically a very generalized group of items. For example, if you had a shoe store, the parent groups might be men’s shoes, women’s shoes, kids’ shoes, etc.
  • Item groups: Item groups are more specific groups within the parent group. If the parent group is women’s shoes, the item groups may consist of sandals, sneakers, pumps, boots, etc.
  • Member items: Member items are the individual items within the item group. If we selected the sneakers item group, the member item would be the exact red sneaker that a customer may add to their cart for purchase. 
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